Heritability of ambulatory and office blood pressure in the Swiss population

Heba Alwan, Georg Ehret, Belen Ponte, Menno Pruijm, Daniel Ackermann, Idris Guessous, Jan A. Staessen, Kei Asayama, Zoltan Kutalik, Philippe Vuistiner, Fred Paccaud, Antoinette Pechere-Bertschi, Markus Mohaupt, Bruno Vogt, Pierre-Yves Martin, Michel Burnier, Murielle Bochud*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background:Blood pressure (BP) is known to aggregate in families. Yet, heritability estimates are population-specific and no Swiss data have been published so far. We estimated the heritability of ambulatory and office BP in a Swiss population-based sample.Methods:The Swiss Kidney Project on Genes in Hypertension is a population-based family study focusing on BP genetics. Office and ambulatory BP were measured in 1009 individuals from 271 nuclear families. Heritability was estimated for SBP, DBP, and pulse pressure using a maximum likelihood method implanted in the Statistical Analysis in Genetic Epidemiology software.Results:The 518 women and 491 men included in this analysis had a mean (SD) age of 48.3 (+/- 17.4) and 47.3 (+/- 17.7) years, and a mean BMI of 23.8 (+/- 4.2) and 25.9 (+/- 4.1) kg/m(2), respectively. Narrow-sense heritability estimates (+/- standard error) for ambulatory SBP, DBP, and pulse pressure were 0.37 +/- 0.07, 0.26 +/- 0.07, and 0.29 +/- 0.07 for 24-h BP; 0.39 +/- 0.07, 0.28 +/- 0.07, and 0.27 +/- 0.07 for day BP; and 0.25 +/- 0.07, 0.20 +/- 0.07, and 0.30 +/- 0.07 for night BP, respectively (all P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2061-2067
JournalJournal of Hypertension
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015


  • ambulatory blood pressure
  • cross-sectional
  • heritability
  • population

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