OBJECTIVE: To evaluate short- and long-term hearing results of surgery for acquired atresia of the external auditory canal (EAC) in a large patient cohort and to define preoperative audiometric conditions useful for patient counseling.
STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective cohort study.
SETTING: Academic tertiary referral center.
PATIENTS: Seventy-eight ears from 72 patients with postinflammatory acquired atresia of the EAC who underwent canal- and meatoplasty were included. Patients with involvement of the ossicular chain, (syndromic) external ear malformations, or congenital aural atresia were excluded.
INTERVENTION: Canal- and meatoplasty.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Mean pure-tone averages of thresholds at 0.5, 1, 2, and 3 kHz (PTA0.5,1,2,3) for air conduction (AC), bone conduction, and air-bone gap (ABG) were calculated preoperatively and at short-term (≤0.55 yr) and long-term follow-up (>0.55 yr). Additionally, the numbers of ears with a closed ABG ≤10 dB and ≤20 dB, and with Social hearing (defined as: AC PTA0.5,1,2,3 ≤35 dB) were assessed.
RESULTS: At short-term follow-up AC PTA0.5,1,2,3 improved by 18 dB. Social hearing was obtained in 81% of the ears. Postoperatively, 35% of the ears had a closed ABG ≤10 dB, 83% was closed ≤20 dB. During follow-up, significant deterioration of 5 to 7 dB occurred for AC thresholds at 0.25, 0.5, and 1 kHz.
CONCLUSIONS: Surgery for acquired atresia of the EAC is often beneficial. This study suggests overall advantageous surgery when the preoperative indication criteria ABG PTA0.5,1,2,3 >20 dB and AC PTA0.5,1,2,3 >35 dB are applied.
- Acquired atresia
- Aural stenosis
- External auditory canal
- External ear surgery
- Hearing loss
- CONGENITAL AURAL ATRESIA
- GRANULAR MYRINGITIS