Healthier food choices as a result of the revised healthy diet programme Krachtvoer for students of prevocational schools

K.M. Bessems, P.T. van Assema, M.K. Martens, T.G. Paulussen, L.G. Raaijmakers, M. de Rooij, N.K. de Vries

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Krachtvoer is a Dutch healthy diet programme for prevocational schools, developed in 2001 and revised for a broader target group in 2007, based on the findings of an evaluation of the first version. The goal of this study was to report on the short- and longer-term total and subgroup effects of the revised programme on students' fruit, fruit juice, breakfast, and snack consumption. METHODS: Schools were randomized to the experimental condition, teaching the Krachtvoer programme, or to the control condition teaching the regular nutrition lessons. Self-reported consumption of fruit, fruit juice, breakfast and snacks was measured at baseline directly before programme implementation, one to four weeks after finishing programme implementation, and after six months. Mixed linear and logistic regression analyses were conducted. RESULTS: In total 1117 students of 13 experimental schools and 758 students of 11 control schools participated in the study. Short- and longer-term favourable intervention effects were found on fruit consumption (mean difference between experimental and control group 0.15 servings at both posttests). Regarding fruit juice consumption, only short-term favourable effects were revealed (mean difference between experimental and control group 0.05 glasses). Intervention effects on breakfast intakes were limited. No changes in snack frequency were reported, but students made healthier snack choices as a result of the programme. Some favourable as well as unfavourable effects occurred in subgroups of students. CONCLUSIONS: The effects on fruit consumption and snack choices justify the current nationwide dissemination of the programme. Achieving changes in breakfast consumption may, however, require other strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Article number60
Pages (from-to)60
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24 May 2012

Keywords

  • School programme
  • Nutrition
  • Dietary effects
  • LOWER VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS
  • VEGETABLE CONSUMPTION
  • SOCIOECONOMIC-STATUS
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • PLANNED BEHAVIOR
  • BREAKFAST HABITS
  • ADOLESCENTS
  • CHILDREN
  • FRUIT
  • INTERVENTIONS

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