GW170814: A Three-Detector Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Coalescence

B.P. Abbott, R. Abbott, T.D. Abbott, F. Acernese, K. Ackley, C. Adams, T. Adams, P. Addesso, R.X. Adhikari, V.B. Adya, C. Affeldt, M. Afrough, B. Agarwal, M. Agathos, K. Agatsuma, N. Aggarwal, O.D. Aguiar, L. Aiello, A. Ain, P. AjithB. Allen, G. Allen, A. Allocca, P.A. Altin, A. Amato, A. Ananyeva, S.B. Anderson, W.G. Anderson, S.V. Angelova, S. Antier, S. Appert, K. Arai, M.C. Araya, J.S. Areeda, N. Arnaud, K.G. Arun, S. Ascenzi, G. Ashton, M. Ast, S.M. Aston, P. Astone, D.V. Atallah, P. Aufmuth, C. Aulbert, K. AultONeal, C. Austin, A. Avila-Alvarez, S. Babak, P. Bacon, M.K.M. Bader, S.L. Danilishin, J. Hennig, S. Hild, J. Steinlechner, S. Steinlechner, J.F.J. Van den Brand

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Abstract

On August 14, 2017 at 10:30:43 UTC, the Advanced Virgo detector and the two Advanced LIGO detectors coherently observed a transient gravitational-wave signal produced by the coalescence of two stellar mass black holes, with a false-alarm rate of less than or similar to 1 in 27 000 years. The signal was observed with a three-detector network matched-filter signal-to-noise ratio of 18. The inferred masses of the initial black holes are 30.5(-3.0)(+5.7)M(circle dot) and 25.3(-4.2)(+2.8) M-circle dot (at the 90% credible level). The luminosity distance of the source is 540(-210)(+130) Mpc, corresponding to a redshift of z = 0.11(-0.04)(+0.03). A network of three detectors improves the sky localization of the source, reducing the area of the 90% credible region from 1160 deg(2) using only the two LIGO detectors to 60 deg(2) using all three detectors. For the first time, we can test the nature of gravitational-wave polarizations from the antenna response of the LIGO-Virgo network, thus enabling a new class of phenomenological tests of gravity.
Original languageEnglish
Article number141101
Number of pages16
JournalPhysical Review Letters
Volume119
Issue number14
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Oct 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ADVANCED LIGO
  • RADIATION
  • CHOICE
  • TOOL

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