Gut Microbiota, Probiotics and Psychological States and Behaviors after Bariatric Surgery-A Systematic Review of Their Interrelation

Jessica Cook, Christine Lehne, Alisa Weiland, Rami Archid, Yvonne Ritze, Kerstin Bauer, Stephan Zipfel, John Penders, Paul Enck, Isabelle Mack*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

Abstract

The gastrointestinal (GI) microbiota plays an important role in health and disease, including brain function and behavior. Bariatric surgery (BS) has been reported to result in various changes in the GI microbiota, therefore demanding the investigation of the impact of GI microbiota on treatment success. The goal of this systematic review was to assess the effects of BS on the microbiota composition in humans and other vertebrates, whether probiotics influence postoperative health, and whether microbiota and psychological and behavioral factors interact. A search was conducted using PubMed and Web of Science to find relevant studies with respect to the GI microbiota and probiotics after BS, and later screened for psychological and behavioral parameters. Studies were classified into groups and subgroups to provide a clear overview of the outcomes. Microbiota changes were further assessed for whether they were specific to BS in humans through the comparison to sham operated controls in other vertebrate studies. Changes in alpha diversity appear not to be specific, whereas dissimilarity in overall microbial community structure, and increases in the abundance of the phylum Proteobacteria andAkkermansiaspp. within the phylum Verrucomicrobia after surgery were observed in both human and other vertebrates studies and may be specific to BS in humans. Human probiotic studies differed regarding probiotic strains and dosages, however it appeared that probiotic interventions were not superior to a placebo for quality of life scores or weight loss after BS. The relationship between GI microbiota and psychological diseases in this context is unclear due to insufficient available data.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2396
Number of pages22
JournalNutrients
Volume12
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020

Keywords

  • gastrointestinal microbiota
  • probiotics
  • bariatric surgery
  • psychological
  • GASTRIC BYPASS-SURGERY
  • DUODENAL-JEJUNAL BYPASS
  • SLEEVE GASTRECTOMY
  • WEIGHT-LOSS
  • OBESE-PATIENTS
  • DOUBLE-BLIND
  • CONTROLLED-TRIAL
  • SYMPTOMS
  • STRESS
  • DIVERSITY

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