The number of octogenarians with rectal adenocarcinoma is growing. Current guidelines seem difficult to apply on octogenarians which may result in non-adherence. The aim of this retrospective cohort study is to give insight in occurrence of treatment-related complications, hospitalisations and survival among octogenarians treated according to guidelines versus octogenarians treated otherwise.
108 octogenarians with rectal adenocarcinoma were identified by screening of medical records. 22 patients were excluded for treatment process analysis because of stage IV disease or unknown stage. Baseline characteristics, diagnostic process, received treatment, motivation for deviation from guidelines, complications, hospitalisations and date of death were documented. Patients were divided in two groups depending on adherence to treatment guidelines. Differences in baseline characteristics, treatment-related complications and survival between both groups were evaluated.
Diagnosis and treatment according to guidelines occurred in 95 and 54% of the patients, respectively. When documented, patient's preference and comorbidities were major reasons to deviate from guidelines. 66% of patients who were treated according to guidelines experienced complications versus 34% of those treated otherwise (p = 0.02). After adjustment for differences in age and polypharmacy, this association was not significant. Patients treated according to the guideline had better survival 18 months after diagnosis (80 versus 56%, p = 0.02).
Treating octogenarians with rectal cancer according to guidelines seem to lead to better overall survival, but may lead to a high risk of complications. This may jeopardise quality of life. More and prospective studies in octogenarians with rectal cancer are needed to customize guidelines for these patients.
- CLINICAL-PRACTICE GUIDELINES
- OLDER PATIENTS
- INTERNATIONAL SOCIETY
- GERIATRIC ASSESSMENT
- TREATMENT DECISIONS