Guideline-based development of quality indicators for prevention and management of postpartum hemorrhage

Mallory D. Woiski*, Hubertina C. Scheepers, Janine Liefers, Marcus Lance, Johanna M. Middeldorp, Fred K. Lotgering, Richard P. Grol, Rosella P. Hermens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction. To systematically develop a set of guideline-based quality indicators for postpartum hemorrhage (PPH) as a tool to measure guideline adherence in actual PPH care. Material and methods. A Rand-modified Delphi procedure was used to systematically achieve consensus among a panel of 22 experts on PPH care on recommendations extracted from evidence-based guidelines, Managing-Obstetrics-Emergencies-Trauma (MOET) instructions and international literature. The selected recommendations were individually rated on health gain (prevention of maternal mortality and morbidity) and overall efficiency by the expert panel. Subsequently, consensus about the most important recommendations to measure quality of PPH care among the panel members was reached, followed by a final approval. Last, definition of the final set by critical appraisal of the recommendations regarding measurability took place. The main outcome measure was a set of valid quality indicators for prevention and management of PPH. Results. From the 69 extracted recommendations, 50 were selected and translated into 22 quality indicators on professional performance (n = 17) and organization of PPH care (n = 5). The professional performance indicators covered all fields of PPH care, such as prevention (n = 2) and management of PPH, including communication and documentation (n = 4), monitoring and prevention of shock (n = 3), use of blood products (n = 3) and treatment of PPH (n = 5). Organizational indicators (n = 5) were clustered into protocols and agreements, audit, accessibility and documentation. Conclusions. This study describes a stepwise systematic development of 22 performance and organizational indicators to use for measuring the whole care process of prevention and management of PPH.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1118-1127
JournalActa Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015


  • Postpartum hemorrhage
  • pregnancy complication
  • healthcare quality indicators
  • health care quality
  • access
  • evaluation
  • guideline adherence

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