Gravitational wave burst search in the Virgo C7 data

F. Acernese*, M. Alshourbagy, F. Antonucci, S. Aoudia, K.G. Arun, P. Aston, G. Ballardin, F. Barone, L. Barsotti, M. Barsuglia, T.S. Bauer, S. Bigotta, S. Birindelli, M.A. Bizouard, C. Boccara, F. Bondu, L. Bonelli, L. Bosi, S. Braccini, C. BradaschiaA. Brillet, V. Brisson, H.J. Bulten, D. Buskulic, G. Cagnoli, E. Calloni, E. Campagna, B. Canuel, F. Carbognani, L. Carbone, F. Cavalier, R. Cavalieri, G. Cella, E. Cesarini, E. Chassande-Mottin, S. Chatterji, N. Christensen, A.C. Clapson, F. Cleva, E. Coccia, M. Colombini, C. Corda, A. Corsi, F. Cottone, J.P. Coulon, E. Cuoco, S. D'Antonio, A. Dari, V. Dattilo, M. Davier, S. Hild, J.F.J. van den Brand

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


A search for gravitational wave burst events has been performed with the Virgo C7 commissioning run data that have been acquired in September 2005 over 5 days. It focused on unmodeled short duration signals in the frequency range 150 Hz to 2 kHz. A search aimed at detecting the GW emission from the merger and ring-down phases of binary black hole coalescences was also carried out. An extensive understanding of the data was required to be able to handle a burst search using the output of only one detector. A 90% confidence level upper limit on the number of expected events given the Virgo C7 sensitivity curve has been derived as a function of the signal strength, for unmodeled gravitational wave searches. The sensitivity of the analysis presented is, in terms of the root sum square strain amplitude, h(rss) similar or equal to 10(-20) Hz(-1/2). This can be interpreted in terms of a frequentist upper limit on the rate R-90% of detectable gravitational wave bursts at the level of 1.1 events per day at a 90% confidence level. From the binary black hole search, we obtained the distance reach at 50% and 90% efficiency as a function of the total mass of the final black hole. The maximal detection distance for non-spinning high and equal mass black hole binary system obtained by this analysis in C7 data is similar or equal to 2.9 +/- 0.1 Mpc for a detection efficiency of 50% for a binary of total mass 80 M-circle dot.
Original languageEnglish
Article number085009
Number of pages30
JournalClassical and Quantum Gravity
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 21 Apr 2009
Externally publishedYes




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