Good results in postoperative and hematogenous deep infections of 89 stable total hip and knee replacements with retention of prosthesis and local antibiotics

Jan A. P. Geurts*, Daniel M. C. Janssen, Alfons G. H. Kessels, Geert H. I. M. Walenkamp

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background Deep postoperative and hematogenous prosthesis infections may be treated with retention of the prosthesis, if the prosthesis is stable. How long the infection may be present to preclude a good result is unclear. Patients and methods We retrospectively studied 89 deep-infected stable prostheses from 69 total hip replacements and 20 total knee replacements. There were 83 early or delayed postoperative infections and 6 hematogenous. In the postoperative infections, treatment had started 12 days to 2 years after implantation. In the hematogenous infections, symptoms had been present for 6 to 9 days. The patients had been treated with debridement, prosthesis retention, systemic antibiotics, and local antibiotics: gentamicin-PMMA beads or gentamicin collagen fleeces. The minimum follow-up time was 1.5 years. We investigated how the result of the treatment had been influenced by the length of the period the infection was present, and by other variables such as host characteristics, infection stage, and type of bacteria. Results In postoperative infections, the risk of failure increased with a longer postoperative interval: from 0.2 (95% CI: 0.1-0.3) if the treatment had started >= 4 weeks postoperatively to 0.5 (CI: 0.2-0.8) if it had started at >= 8 weeks. The relative risk for success was 0.6 (CI: 0.3-0.95) if the treatment had started >= 8 weeks. In the hematogenous group, 5 of 6 infections had been treated successfully. Interpretation A longer delay before the start of the treatment caused an increased failure rate, but this must be weighed against the advantage of keeping the prosthesis. We consider a failure rate of
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-516
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2013

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