Global excellence at the expense of local diffusion, or a bridge between two worlds? research in science and technology in the developing world

H. Barnard, R. Cowan, M. Müller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Do world-leading researchers from developing countries contribute to upgrading locally, or do they disengage from the local context? The paper investigates the scientific collaborations of university-based science and technology researchers in the database of the South African National Research Foundation (NRF), and analyses the co-authorships of researchers who were ranked by the NRF during the 2001-2007 period. To establish the extent to which a researcher can access knowledge outside the South African academic science and technology research community. and share it inside that community, we develop a measure of 'gatekeeping'. The evidence suggests that there is not a local/global trade-off in knowledge creation in academia in the developing world, and that the world-leading researchers in developing countries may play an especially important role as conduits of new knowledge in their country. 

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)756-769
Number of pages14
JournalResearch Policy
Volume41
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • Science and technology
  • Research
  • Upgrading
  • Developing country
  • Collaboration
  • FOREIGN DIRECT-INVESTMENT
  • SCIENTIFIC PRODUCTIVITY
  • COLLABORATION
  • INDUSTRY
  • SEARCH
  • IMPACT
  • SPILLOVERS
  • INNOVATION
  • JOURNALS

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