Giving in the Face of Risk

Elena Cettolin, Arno Riedl, Giang Tran

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Decisions about how to share resources with others often need to be taken under uncertainty regarding its allocational consequences. Although risk preferences are likely important, existing research is silent about how social and risk preferences interact in such situations. In this paper we provide experimental evidence on this question. In a first experiment givers are not exposed to risk while beneficiaries' final earnings may be larger or smaller than the allocation itself, depending on the realized state of the world. In a second experiment, risk affects the earnings of givers but not of beneficiaries. We find that individuals' risk preferences are predictive for giving in both experiments. Increased risk exposure of beneficiaries tends to decrease giving whereas increased risk exposure of givers has no effect. We propose a simple non-linear generalization of a model allowing for other-regarding preferences, ex-post and ex-ante fairness, and risk aversion. We find some support for it in our data when risk is on the beneficiaries' side but less so when risk is on the givers' side. Our results point to the importance of the further development of models of social preferences that also incorporate risk preferences.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)95-118
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Risk and Uncertainty
Volume55
Issue number2-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

JEL classifications

  • c91 - Design of Experiments: Laboratory, Individual
  • d03 - Behavioral Economics: Underlying Principles
  • d81 - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
  • d64 - "Altruism; Philanthropy"

Keywords

  • fairness
  • uncertainty
  • risk
  • other-regarding preferences
  • social preferences
  • risk preferences
  • experiment
  • Uncertainty
  • LOTTERIES
  • Experiment
  • BEHAVIOR
  • Risk
  • DICTATOR GAMES
  • Risk preferences
  • Fairness
  • ATTITUDES
  • SAMPLE
  • Other-regarding preferences
  • PREFERENCES
  • COMPETITION
  • FAIRNESS
  • AVERSION
  • AMBIGUITY
  • Social preferences

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