Geographical Indications as Property: European Union Association Agreements and Investor–State Provisions

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapterAcademic


Historically, few topics have proven to be so controversial in international intellectual property as the protection of geographical indications (GIs). The adoption of TRIPS in 1994 did not resolve disagreements, and countries worldwide continue to quarrel today as to the nature, the scope, and the enforcement of GI protection nationally and internationally. Thus far, however, there is little literature addressing GI protection from the point of view of the Asia-Pacific region, even though countries in this region have actively discussed the topic and in several instances have promoted GIs as a mechanism to foster local development and safeguard local culture. This book, edited by renowned intellectual property scholars, fills the void in the current literature and offers a variety of contributions focusing on the framework and effects of GI protection in the Asia-Pacific region. The book is available as Open Access.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGeographical indications at the crossroads of trade, development, and culture
EditorsIrene Calboli, Wee Loon Ng-Loy
Place of PublicationCambridge
PublisherCambridge University Press
Number of pages18
ISBN (Print)978-11-071-6633-2
Publication statusPublished - 22 Jun 2017


  • Geographical indications
  • Investor state dispute settlement
  • ISDS

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