Aims The aorta in Marfan syndrome (MFS) patients is variably affected. We investigated the assumed genotype-effect on protein production as a risk factor for a severe aortic phenotype in adult MFS patients.
Methods and results We collected clinical and genetic data from all 570 adults with MFS who had been included in the Dutch CONgenital CORvitia registry since the start in 2001. Mean age was 36.5 +/- 13.5 years (51.2% male, 28.9% prior aortic surgery, 8.2% prior aortic dissection). Patients were prospectively followed for a mean duration of 8.2 +/- 3.1 years. Men had more frequently aortic surgery at baseline (38.0 vs. 19.4%, P <0.001) and during follow-up (24.0 vs. 15.1%, P = 0.008) compared with women. After 10-year follow-up cumulative survival was 93.8% and dissection-free survival was 84.2%. We found a pathogenic FBN1 mutation in 357 patients, of whom 146 patients (40.9%) were positive for a mutation causing haploinsufficiency (reduced fibrillin-1 protein) and 211 (59.1%) for a mutation leading to aDNeffect (abnormal fibrillin1 protein). Corrected for age, sex, and previous aortic complications, patients with a haploinsufficient (HI) mutation had a 2.5-fold increased risk for cardiovascular death (hazard ratio, HR: 2.5, 95% CI: 1.0-6.1, P = 0.049), a 2.4-fold increased risk for the combined endpoint comprising death and dissection (HR: 2.4, 95% CI: 1.4-4.2, P <0.001) and a 1.6-fold increased risk for any aortic complication compared with patients with a DN mutation (HR: 1.6, 95% CI 1.1-2.3, P = 0.014).
Conclusion Marfan syndrome patients with an HI mutation are at increased risk for cardiovascular death and aortic dissection compared with patients with a DN mutation.
- Marfan syndrome
- Aortic aneurysm
- Aortic dissection
- FBN1 mutation
- CLINICAL PHENOTYPES
- FBN1 GENE