Genotype alone does not predict the clinical course of SFTPC deficiency in paediatric patients

Carolin Kroener, Simone Reu, Veronika Teusch, Andrea Schams, Ann-Christin Grimmelt, Michael Barker, Joerg Brand, Monika Gappa, Richard Kitz, Boris W. Kramer, Lars Lange, Susanne Lau, Claus Pfannenstiel, Marijke Proesmans, Juergen Seidenberg, Tugba Sismanlar, Ayse Tana Aslan, Claudius Werner, Stefan Zielen, Ralf ZarbockFrank Brasch, Peter Lohse, Matthias Griese*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

46 Citations (Web of Science)


Patients with interstitial lung disease due to surfactant protein C (SFTPC) mutations are rare and not well characterised. We report on all subjects collected over a 15-year period in the kids-lung register with interstitial lung disease and a proven SFTPC mutation. We analysed clinical courses, interventions and outcomes, as well as histopathological and radiological interrelations. 17 patients (seven male) were followed over a median of 3 years (range 0.3-19). All patients were heterozygous carriers of autosomal dominant SFTPC mutations. Three mutations (p.L101P, p.E191 K and p.E191*) have not been described before in the context of surfactant protein C deficiency. Patients with alterations in the BRICHOS domain of the protein (amino acids 94-197) presented earlier. At follow-up, one patient was healthy (2 years), six patients were "sick-better" (2.8 years, range 0.8-19), seven patients were "sick-same" (6.5 years, 1.3-15.8) and three patients were "sick-worse" (0.3 years, 0.3-16.9). Radiological findings changed from ground-glass to increasing signs of fibrosis and cyst formation with increasing age. Empiric treatments had variable effects, also in patients with the same genotype. Prospective studies with randomised interventions are urgently needed and can best be performed in the framework of international registers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)197-206
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2015

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