Genomics of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC): Association between CT-based imaging features and EGFR and K-RAS mutations in 122 patients-An external validation

Stefania Rizzo*, Sara Raimondi, Evelyn E. C. de Jong, Wouter van Elmpt, Francesca De Piano, Francesco Petrella, Vincenzo Bagnardi, Arthur Jochems, Massimo Bellomi, Anne Marie Dingemans, Philippe Lambin

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Objective: To validate previously identified associations between radiological features and clinical features with Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGER)/Kirsten RAt Sarcoma (KRAS) alterations in an independent group of patients with Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC).

Material and methods: A total of 122 patients with NSCLC tested for EGFR/KRAS alterations were included. Clinical and radiological features were recorded.

Univariate analysis were performed to look at the associations of the studied features with EGFR/KRAS alterations. Previously calculated composite model parameters for each gene alteration prediction were applied to this validation cohort. ROC (Receiver Operating Characteristic) curves were drawn using the previously validated composite models, and also for each significant individual characteristic of the previous training cohort model. The Area Under the ROC Curve (AUC) with 95% Confidence Intervals (CI) was calculated and compared between the full models.

Results: At univariate analysis, EGFR + confirmed an association with an internal air bronchogram, pleural retraction, emphysema and lack of smoking; KRAS + with round shape, emphysema and smoking. The AUC (95%CI) in the new cohort was confirmed to be high for EGFR + prediction, with a value of: 0.82 (0.69-0.95) vs. 0.82 in the previous cohort, whereas it was smaller for KRAS + prediction, with a value of 0.60 (0.48-0.72) vs. 0.67 in the previous cohort. Looking at single features in the new cohort, we found that the AUC for the models including only smoking was similar to that of the full model (including radiological and clinical features) for both gene alterations.

Conclusions: Although this study validated the significant association of clinical and radiological features with EGFR/KRAS alterations, models based on these composite features are not superior to smoking history alone to predict the mutations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-155
Number of pages8
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2019


  • Lung cancer
  • EGF receptor
  • RAS proteins
  • Validation studies


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