General Board Game Concepts

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Many games often share common ideas or aspects between them, such as their rules, controls, or playing area. However, in the context of General Game Playing (GGP) for board games, this area remains under-explored. We propose to formalise the notion of "game concept", inspired by terms generally used by game players and designers. Through the Ludii General Game System, we describe concepts for several levels of abstraction, such as the game itself, the moves played, or the states reached. This new GGP feature associated with the ludeme representation of games opens many new lines of research. The creation of a hyper-agent selector, the transfer of AI learning between games, or explaining AI techniques using game terms, can all be facilitated by the use of game concepts. Other applications which can benefit from game concepts are also discussed, such as the generation of plausible reconstructed rules for incomplete ancient games, or the implementation of a board game recommender system.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2021 IEEE Conference on Games (CoG)
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - 2021
Event2021 IEEE Conference on Games - Online, IT University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
Duration: 17 Aug 202120 Aug 2021


Conference2021 IEEE Conference on Games
Internet address


  • Board games
  • Concepts
  • Explainable AI
  • Game Features
  • General Game Playing
  • Ludii
  • Transfer learning

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