Gegenüberstellungen und Lichtbildvorlagen durchführen und beurteilen: Ein Leitfaden

Melanie Sauerland*, Nina Tupper, Anna Sagana

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Line-ups can be a useful criminal justice tool - but line-ups can also contribute to miscarriages of justice. Cases of misidentification are known from all over Europe and North America. Here we present findings from legal psychology research on the nature and operation of factors that affect the accuracy of identification decisions. Based on hundreds of studies conducted over the past 50 years, we are now in a position to make reliable recommendations on how to construct, administer and evaluate line-ups. The application of this knowledge in practice is crucial to ensure a high evidential value of line-ups. Because then - and only then - is eyewitness identification a useful instrument of criminal justice.

Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)91-100
Number of pages10
JournalRecht und Psychiatrie
Volume39
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021

Keywords

  • confidence
  • double-blind procedure
  • police practice
  • defence lawyers
  • judicial decision-making
  • EYEWITNESS IDENTIFICATION ACCURACY
  • CO-WITNESS
  • MEMORY DISTORTION
  • DECISION-TIMES
  • METAANALYSIS
  • CONFIDENCE
  • WEAPON
  • BIAS
  • FEEDBACK
  • ALCOHOL

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