Objective To evaluate the potential incremental value in detecting sacroiliitis of the T1 post-gadolinium diethylenetriaminepentaacetic acid (Gd-DTPA) MRI sequence of the sacroiliac joints (SIT) compared with the combination of short tau inversion recovery (STIR) MRI sequence and pelvic radiographs in patients with inflammatory back pain (IBP) suspected for axial spondyloarthritis. Methods A 2-year follow-up study was conducted in patients with IBP of less than 2 years duration. Annual MRI of the SIT (MRI-SIJ) was performed and scored for bone marrow oedema (BME). Pelvic radiographs were scored according to the modified New York (mNY) criteria. Agreement on the presence of BME detected by the STIR and post-Gd-DTPA sequence and the incremental value of post-Gd-DTPA sequence over STIR plus radiographs was analysed by descriptive methods and kappa statistics. Results At baseline, 20 (29%) out of 68 patients (38% male; mean (SD) age 34.9 (10.3) years) enrolled had BME both on the STIR and post-Gd-DTPA sequences; 4 patients (6%) on the STIR sequence only; none on the post-Gd-DTPA sequence only (kappa value: 0.87). Fifteen (22%) patients fulfilled the mNY criteria at baseline. Sixty-two (91%) patients had at least I follow-up MRI-SIJ. At 2-year follow-up, 2 patients had BME on the post-Gd-DTPA sequence without BME on the STIR sequence. These 2 patients already fulfilled the mNY criteria at baseline. Conclusion In this cohort of patients with early IBP, the post-Gd-DTPA sequence of the MRI-SIJ did not have an incremental value in the detection of sacroiliitis compared with the STIR sequence plus pelvic radiographs.
|Journal||Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology On line|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Jan 2014|