Fucoidan Hydrogels Significantly Alleviate Oxidative Stress and Enhance the Endocrine Function of Encapsulated Beta Cells

L.L. Reys, V. Vaithilingam, M.M.J.P.E. Sthijns, E. Soares, T. Rademakers, R. de Vries, S.G. Mohammed, D. de Bont, M.J. Jetten, C. Hermanns, O.P. da Sliva, A. Stell, N.I. Mourad, P. Gianello, V.L.S. LaPointe, S.S. Silva*, R.L. Reis, T.H. Silva*, A.A. van Apeldoorn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Microencapsulating pancreatic islets in immunoprotective alginate hydrogels is a promising strategy for treatment of type 1 diabetes. However, this strategy is limited by inflammation and hypoxia mediated oxidative stress, due to encapsulation and the hydrogel itself, leading to impaired insulin secretion and limited short and long term cell survival. Herein, the antioxidant effect of fucoidan, an algae derived polysaccharide, on beta cells, and its positive effects on encapsulated beta cell viability and function is presented. Fucoidan from Fucus vesiculosus (FF) exhibits a high total antioxidant capacity, and free radical scavenging activity, and is able to significantly alleviate intracellular oxidative stress in rat insolinoma beta cells (INS1E). In addition, FF significantly increases insulin secretion in a dose- and time-dependent manner. When FF is incorporated in ultrapure alginate used for microencapsulation of primary rat islets, both viability and glucose responsiveness of rat islets in these socalled Fucogel microcapsules (Fucocaps) are found to be significantly higher compared to islets encapsulated in alginate alone. Similar results are obtained with INS1E pseudoislets and neonatal pig islets. Fucocaps can provide a redox-modulatory niche and an immune barrier for islets and beta cells in the same time leading to significantly improved survival and endocrine function by mitigating oxidative strees.
Original languageEnglish
Article number2011205
Number of pages16
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Volume31
Issue number35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • beta-cells
  • alginate
  • antioxidant
  • diabetes type I
  • fucoidan
  • microcapsules
  • pancreatic cells
  • INSULIN-SECRETION
  • LAMINARIA-JAPONICA
  • ANTIOXIDANT
  • GLUCOSE
  • DERIVATIVES
  • EXTRACTION
  • SURVIVAL
  • ISLETS
  • TXNIP
  • ACID

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