A previous study [Brienesse et al. (1997). Pediatr. Res. 42, 478-483] demonstrated a positive shift with increasing postmenstrual age (PMA) in the frequencies of synchronized spontaneous otoacoustic emissions (SSOAEs) in preterm infants. We used a mixed model approach to describe a shift with PMA in the spectra of click-evoked otoacoustic emissions (CEOAEs) measured in a group of 22 preterm infants. The rate in shift in CEOAE spectral components was found to be frequency dependent, with a mean estimate of 10 Hz/week for frequencies around 2 kHz and 30 Hz/week for frequencies around 4.25 kHz. This rate decreased with increasing PMA. Because SSOAEs are often part of the CEOAE response, a comparison was made between the shifts in SSOAEs and CEOAEs in a sub-group of 16 preterm infants. The results indicate that the shifts found for both types of OAE are similar, which supports a common mechanism for this change in OAE-characteristic. At present it is not clear to what extent developmental processes in the cochlea and the middle ear can account for these frequency shifts in the spectra of CEOAEs and SSOAEs during the preterm period.