Fluorinated steroids do not improve outcome of isolated atrioventricular block

N. W. E. Van den Berg, M. G. Slieker, I. M. van Beynum, C. M. Bilardoo, D. de Bruijn, S. A. Clur, J. M. J. Cornette, I. M. E. Frohn-Mulder, M. C. Haak, Kristien van Loo, G. T. R. Manten, A. B. M. H. Rackowitz, L. A. J. Rammeloo, A. Reimer, M. E. B. Rijlaarsdam, M. W. Freund*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

18 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Introduction: Congenital atrioventricular block (CAVB) is a rare disorder with a significant morbidity and mortality. Consensus regarding the prescription and efficacy of prenatal corticosteroids is lacking. This nationwide study was initiated to evaluate the effects of prenatal treatment with corticosteroids on the outcome of CAVB in The Netherlands. Methods: All fetuses identified with isolated congenital AVB-II degrees or AVB-III degrees in any of the eight academic fetal heart centers of The Netherlands between 2003 and 2013 were included and reviewed. Results: Fifty-six fetuses were included. Fourteen (25%) fetuses were treated with dexamethasone. We found no differences between the steroid-treated and untreated cases regarding in utero progression of the AVB (63% vs 67% respectively), survival to birth (86% vs 84%), pacemaker implantations (74% vs 58%) or long-term dilated cardiomyopathy (13% vs 17%). Steroid treated fetuses demonstrated more in utero growth restriction (38% vs 11%). Conclusion: No benefit from prenatal corticosteroid treatment was demonstrated for fetuses with isolated CAVB in this study. However, we found negative side effects. Our data provide no evidence to support the routine administration of corticosteroids for the treatment of fetal CAVB.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-171
JournalInternational Journal of Cardiology
Volume225
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Dec 2016

Keywords

  • Heart block
  • Antibodies
  • Cardiomyopathy
  • Congenital atrioventricular block

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