First-in-human implantation of a mid-field powered neurostimulator at the sacral nerve: Results from an acute study

Philip E. V. A. van Kerrebroeck, Mathias Reekmans*, Gommert A. van Koeveringe, Alexander J. Yeh, Timothy A. Fayram, Ashwini D. Sharan, Craig Comiter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Introduction Commercially approved implantable systems for sacral neuromodulation require the implantation of a multipolar lead subcutaneously connected to an implantable pulse generator (IPG). Eliminating the need for an IPG would eliminate the need for tunneling of the lead, reduce procedure time, infection risk, and the need for IPG replacement. The objective was to demonstrate the feasibility of implanting the AHLeveeS System in the S3 Foramen to stimulate the S3 sacral nerve. Materials and Methods A first-in-human, prospective, single center, nonrandomized, acute feasibility clinical investigation at the Maastricht University Medical Center+. Patients with refractory overactive bladder underwent acute implantation of the AHLeveeS neurostimulator before the InterStim procedure. Outcome measurements included motor responses, procedural time and a scoring of the difficulty of the implant and explant procedure. Retrospectively, qualitative responses to the stimulation protocol were assessed by video motion analyses. Only descriptive statistics were used. Results During the stimulation a motor response to stimulation was seen in four of the five subjects. In all implantations the AHLeveeS was correctly placed. The median time for complete procedure was 24 minutes. The implant and explant procedures were successfully performed and no device or procedure related adverse events occurred. Conclusions The results from this acute first-in-human study demonstrate the feasibility of implantation and acute stimulation of the sacral nerve with this mid-field powered system. Future clinical studies will focus on safety and efficacy of a chronically implanted device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1669-1675
Number of pages7
JournalNeurourology and Urodynamics
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • first-in-human
  • incontinence
  • overactive bladder
  • sacral neuromodulation

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