Introduction: Perinatal asphyxia (PA) is a major cause of neonatal mortality and morbidity. Research has shown that in rats fetal asphyxia (FA) can provoke neuroprotection against a subsequent more severe perinatal asphyctic insult. This is called fetal asphyctic preconditioning (PC). Our objective was to investigate alterations in the placental inflammatory phenotype associated with PC. Methods: FA was induced in the rat at embryonic day 17 by reversibly clamping the uterine circulation and PA was induced at birth by submersion of the uterine horns in a saline bath for 19 min. The effect of PC was studied by inducing FA at E17, followed by PA at E21. Placental TNF-alpha, IL-1 beta, IL-6 and IL-10 mRNA and protein levels were measured by qPCR and ELISA. Results: IL-1 beta mRNA increased in the labouring FA group, but IL-10 protein decreased after both FA and PA. In the PC group, IL-113 mRNA and protein levels were similar to controls. IL-6 protein increased 6 h after FA, however decreased 24 h after FA. IL-6 mRNA was higher in the labouring PA group. IL-10 protein decreased 24 h after FA. At birth, IL-10 mRNA increased in the PA group; however, IL-10 protein decreased in both the PA and the FA group. In the PC group, IL-10 mRNA and protein were similar to control levels. Discussion: Depleted protein concentrations of IL-10 and IL-113 after one single asphyctic insult were reversed after fetal asphyctic PC. In addition, PC placentas showed less up-regulation of IL-6 mRNA compared to the PA ones. This modulated placental inflammatory phenotype might contribute to the improved neonatal outcome showed after fetal asphyctic PC.
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2016|