Fetal alcohol spectrum disorders: an important health problem in need of prevention

Sylvia Roozen

Research output: ThesisDoctoral ThesisInternal

907 Downloads (Pure)


The fetal alcohol spectrum disorder (FASD) is a serious and worldwide health problem. FASD is an umbrella term for the indication of birth defects caused by prenatal exposure to ethyl alcohol. Drinking alcohol during pregnancy can harm the unborn child and therefore prevention is important. Developing successful health promotion programs requires a thorough understanding of the problem. A multidisciplinary approach is required for FASD. This study (a) describes a framework for developing health-enhancing programs; gathers data on the extent and severity of the problem, the mother's drinking behavior during pregnancy, the psychosocial determinants (why some pregnant women continue to drink), the etiology and pathogenesis, incontinence as an illustration of a pediatric problem, and finally the problem of stigma. This research shows that the development of effective intervention programs is not easy due to gaps in our knowledge about the problem and the influence of complicating contextual factors. The first important step for FASD prevention is to carry out a proper problem analysis. We still do not know enough about the scale and seriousness of the problem. Our knowledge about diagnostics, treatment and counseling is also inadequate.
Original languageEnglish
Awarding Institution
  • Maastricht University
  • Curfs, Leopold, Supervisor
  • Kok, Gerjo, Supervisor
  • Peters, Gjalt-Jorn, Co-Supervisor
Award date30 Jan 2019
Place of PublicationMaastricht
Print ISBNs9789463234726
Publication statusPublished - 2019


  • Prevention
  • Alcohol
  • Pregnancy
  • Fetal alcohol syndrome
  • fetal alcohol spectrum disorders
  • Multidisciplinary

Cite this