Feedback contribution to surface motion perception in the human early visual cortex

Ingo Marquardt, Peter De Weerd, Marian Schneider, Omer Faruk Gulban, Dimo Ivanov, Yawen Wang, Kâmil Uludağ*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Human visual surface perception has neural correlates in early visual cortex, but the role of feedback during surface segmentation in human early visual cortex remains unknown. Feedback projections preferentially enter superficial and deep anatomical layers, which provides a hypothesis for the cortical depth distribution of fMRI activity related to feedback. Using ultra-high field fMRI, we report a depth distribution of activation in line with feedback during the (illusory) perception of surface motion. Our results fit with a signal re-entering in superficial depths of V1, followed by a feedforward sweep of the re-entered information through V2 and V3. The magnitude and sign of the BOLD response strongly depended on the presence of texture in the background, and was additionally modulated by the presence of illusory motion perception compatible with feedback. In summary, the present study demonstrates the potential of depth-resolved fMRI in tackling biomechanical questions on perception.

Original languageEnglish
JournalElife
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 4 Jun 2020

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