Features of mood associated with high body weight in females with fibromyalgia

Alessandra Alciati*, Fabiola Atzeni, Massimiliano Grassi, Daniela Caldirola, Piercarlo Sarzi-Puttini, Jules Angst, Giampaolo Perna

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background: Fibromyalgia (FM) is a common syndrome whose main characteristic is chronic widespread musculoskeletal pain, the severity of which is frequently worsened by concomitant obesity. Major depression (MD), particularly as part of a bipolar spectrum disorder (BSD), is associated with both obesity and FM. Objective: To evaluate the relationship between lifetime MD, hypomanic symptoms and the body mass index (BMI) in patients with FM. Method: Of the 115 patients originally screened, 87 women with FM finally entered the study. Forty-nine patients (57%) had a lifetime diagnosis of MD, assessed by a structured clinical interview based on DSM-IV criteria, and four of them (4.6%) had a current MD episode. Lifetime hypomanic symptoms were measured by means of the self -rated Hypomania Checklist. According to the international criteria for BM I, FM patients were classified as under/normal-weight (61%), overweight (30%) and obese (9%). Results: 62 patients (71.2%) with FM had a bipolar spectrum disorder (BSD). Thirty (48.3%) of them met criteria for bipolar II disorder, 32 (51,6%) for bipolar disorder NOS (18 FM patients with MD associated to sub-syndromal hypomanic syndrome and 14 with hypomanic syndrome without MD). No patient had a bipolar I disorder. Only one patient met the criteria for a major depressive disorder (MDD). There was no significant difference in mean BMI between the patients with and without a lifetime diagnosis of MD, but there was a positive association between the level of hypomanic symptoms and BMI values (p < 0.009). When hypomania was considered categorically as hypomanic syndrome there was no significant effect on BMI. Conclusions: Our finding adds to previous evidence indicating that hypomanic symptoms are a central feature of FM. In the case of the early identification of high-level hypomanic symptoms, body weight should be closely monitored in order to prevent obesity and its detrimental impact on females with FM. (C) 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalComprehensive Psychiatry
Volume80
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2018

Keywords

  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • BIPOLAR SPECTRUM DISORDERS
  • CHRONIC-FATIGUE-SYNDROME
  • MASS-INDEX
  • CLINICAL CHARACTERISTICS
  • INFLAMMATORY CYTOKINES
  • RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS
  • DIAGNOSTIC-CRITERIA
  • SYMPTOM SEVERITY
  • OBESE-PATIENTS

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