Feasibility of preference-driven radiotherapy dose treatment planning to support shared decision making in anal cancer

Heidi S. Ronde*, Leonard Wee, John Ploen, Ane L. Appelt

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

2 Citations (Web of Science)
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Abstract

Purpose/Objective: Chemo-radiotherapy is an established primary curative treatment for anal cancer, but clinically equal rationale for different target doses exists. If joint preferences (physician and patient) are used to determine acceptable tradeoffs in radiotherapy treatment planning, multiple dose plans must be simultaneously explored. We quantified the degree to which different toxicity priorities might be incorporated into treatment plan selection, to elucidate the feasible decision space for shared decision making in anal cancer radiotherapy.Material and methods: Retrospective plans were generated for 22 anal cancer patients. Multi-criteria optimization handles dynamically changing priorities between clinical objectives while meeting fixed clinical constraints. Four unique dose distributions were designed to represent a wide span of clinically relevant objectives: high-dose preference (60.2Gy tumor boost and 50.4Gy to elective nodes with physician-defined order of priorities), low-dose preference (53.75Gy tumor boost, 45Gy to elective nodes, physician-defined priorities), bowel sparing preference (lower dose levels and priority for bowel avoidance) and bladder sparing preference (lower dose levels and priority for bladder avoidance).Results: Plans satisfied constraints for target coverage. A senior oncologist approved a random subset of plans for quality assurance. Compared to a high-dose preference, bowel sparing was clinically meaningful at the lower prescribed dose [median change in V-45Gy: 234cm(3); inter-quartile range (66; 247); p

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1277-1285
Number of pages9
JournalActa Oncologica
Volume56
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

Keywords

  • INTEGRATED BOOST RADIOTHERAPY
  • MODULATED RADIATION-THERAPY
  • SQUAMOUS-CELL CARCINOMA
  • PATIENT-CENTERED CARE
  • QUALITY-OF-LIFE
  • PROSTATE-CANCER
  • CONCURRENT CHEMOTHERAPY
  • IMRT
  • CHEMORADIATION
  • OPTIMIZATION

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