Feasibility and acceptability of a telephone- and face-to-face-delivered counseling intervention for smoking cessation in Dutch patients with coronary heart disease

Nadine Berndt*, Lilian Lechner, Aart Mudde, Hein De Vries, Catherine Bolman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Intensive behavioral counseling interventions combined with nicotine replacement therapy have increased smoking abstinence rates in cardiac patients, but little is known about their feasibility when initiated upon hospital admission and continued post-discharge. The current study was an evaluation of the use, appreciation, and fidelity of two post-discharge counseling interventions designed for cardiac patients to quit smoking that differed in their delivery mode. In a controlled trial with cross-over randomization at the cardiac unit level, hospitalized smokers in eight cardiac units of eight Dutch hospitals were assigned either telephone counseling (n = 223) or nurse-administered face-to-face counseling (n = 157) using the Ask-Advise-Refer strategy. Eligible patients also received nicotine replacement therapy. Data based on counselors' registration forms and patients' telephone surveys at 6-month follow-up were analyzed. Most patients (>90%) participated in at least one counseling session, and the majority participated in at least five out of a maximum of seven sessions. Higher levels of adherence to either the telephone or face-to-face counseling sessions were associated with higher smoking abstinence rates at the 6-month follow-up, whereas higher nicotine patch use was not associated with abstinence. Patients positively evaluated the content, duration, and number of sessions, and rated the face-to-face counseling significantly better than the telephone counseling for quitting smoking. The counselors largely complied with the intervention protocols. The current intervention offers evidence of feasibility and may improve outpatient continuity of smoking care. Monitoring the use and delivery of such complex interventions is recommended to promote effective dissemination in cardiac practice.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)444-458
Number of pages15
JournalResearch in Nursing & Health
Volume40
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017

Keywords

  • adherence/compliance
  • health education
  • myocardial infarction/CV problems
  • nursing care/interventions
  • patient satisfaction
  • program evaluation
  • NICOTINE REPLACEMENT THERAPY
  • ACUTE MYOCARDIAL-INFARCTION
  • CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
  • FAGERSTROM TEST
  • CIGARETTE DEPENDENCE
  • HOSPITALIZED SMOKERS
  • TOBACCO-CESSATION
  • NONSMOKING WINS
  • CLINICAL-TRIALS
  • NATIONAL-SURVEY

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