Fantasy proneness, but not self-reported trauma is related to DRM performance of woman reporting recovered memories of childhood sexual abuse

E.G. Geraerts, E. Smeets, M. Jelicic, J.H. van Heerden, H.L.G.J. Merckelbach

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Abstract

Extending a strategy previously used by Clancy, Schacter, McNally, and Pitman (2000), we administered a neutral and a trauma-related version of the Deese-Roediger-McDermott paradigm to a sample of women reporting recovered (n = 23) or repressed memories (n = 16) of childhood sexual abuse (CSA), women reporting having always remembered their abuse (n = 55), and women reporting no history of abuse (n = 20). We found that individuals reporting recovered memories of CSA are more prone than other participants to falsely recalling and recognizing neutral words that were never presented. Moreover, our study is the first to show that this finding even held when trauma-related material was involved. Correlational analyses revealed that fantasy proneness, but not self-reported traumatic experiences and dissociative symptoms were related to false recall and false recognition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)602-612
JournalConsciousness and Cognition
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005

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