Family-Based Analysis of Genetic Variation Underlying Psychosis-Inducing Effects of Cannabis Sibling Analysis and Proband Follow-up

Genetic Risk and Outcome of Psychosis (GROUP) Investigators, Inez Germeys, Jim van Os

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Context: Individual differences exist in sensitivity to the psychotomimetic effect of cannabis; the molecular genetic basis underlying differential sensitivity remains elusive. Objective: To investigate whether selected schizophrenia candidate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) moderate effects of cannabis use. Design: Interactions between recent cannabis use, determined by urinalysis results, and 152 SNPs in 42 candidate genes were examined in 740 unaffected siblings of 801 patients with psychosis to examine genetic moderation of the association between Structured Interview for Schizotypy-Revised positive schizotypy and recent cannabis use (at-risk paradigm). The SNPs showing Bonferroni-adjusted association in the at-risk paradigm were used in a case-only analysis in the 801 patients, as well as in a case-sibling and case-control analysis (using 419 controls) focusing on genetic moderation of developmental effects of cannabis on later psychotic disorder. Setting: The Netherlands and Flanders, Belgium. Participants: Eight hundred one patients with psychosis and their 740 unaffected siblings. Main Outcome Measure: Significant interaction between any of the selected SNPs and cannabis in the at-risk paradigm, followed by selective case-only, casesibling, and case-control analyses. Results: In the unaffected siblings, 16 SNPs in 12 genes showed significant interaction at P
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)148-157
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2011

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