Familial Evaluation in Idiopathic Ventricular Fibrillation: Diagnostic Yield and Significance of J Wave Syndromes

G.J. Mellor*, L.J. Blom, S.A. Groeneveld, B.G. Winkel, B. Ensam, J. Bargehr, B. van Rees, C. Scrocco, I.P.C. Krapels, P.G.A. Volders, J. Tfelt-Hansen, A.D. Krahn, R.J. Hassink, E.R. Behr*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

6 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Background:Familial cascade screening is well established in patients with heritable cardiac disease and in cases of sudden arrhythmic death syndrome. The clinical benefit of family screening in idiopathic ventricular fibrillation (IVF) is unknown.Methods:Patients with IVF were identified from national and institutional registries. All underwent systematic and comprehensive clinical evaluation to exclude identifiable causes of cardiac arrest with a minimum requirement of ECG, cardiac (echocardiogram or magnetic resonance imaging) and coronary imaging, exercise ECG, and sodium channel blocker provocation. Additional investigations including genetic testing were performed at the physician's discretion. First-degree relatives who were assessed with at least a 12-lead ECG were included in the final cohort. Results of additional investigations, performed at the physician's discretion, were also recorded. Results were coded as normal, abnormal, or minor findings.Results:We identified 201 first-degree relatives of 96 IVF patients. In addition to a 12-lead ECG, echocardiography was performed in 159 (79%) and >= 1 additional investigation in 162 (80%) relatives. An inherited arrhythmia syndrome was diagnosed in 5 (3%) individuals from 4 (4%) families. Two relatives hosted the DPP6 risk haplotype identified in a single proband, one of whom received a primary prevention implantable cardioverter defibrillator. In 3 separate families, an asymptomatic parent of the IVF proband developed a type 1 Brugada ECG pattern during sodium channel blocker provocation. All were managed with lifestyle measures only. The early repolarization (ER) ECG pattern was present in 16% probands and was more common in relatives in those families than those where the proband did not have early repolarization (25% versus 8%, P=0.04).Conclusions:The yield of family screening in relatives of IVF probands is low when the proband is comprehensively investigated. The significance of J wave syndromes in relatives and the role for systematic sodium channel blocker provocation are, however, uncertain and require further research.
Original languageEnglish
Article number009089
Pages (from-to)296-305
Number of pages10
JournalCirculation-Arrhythmia and Electrophysiology
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

Keywords

  • BRUGADA SYNDROME
  • Brugada syndrome
  • CARDIAC-ARREST
  • GENETICS
  • MANAGEMENT
  • MUTATIONS
  • PREVALENCE
  • RELATIVES
  • RISK
  • SUDDEN UNEXPLAINED DEATH
  • SURVIVORS
  • echocardiography
  • sodium channel blocker
  • ventricular fibrillation
  • EXPERT CONSENSUS STATEMENT
  • TASK-FORCE

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