INTRODUCTION: Pulmonary vein (PV) isolation is considered as a key to atrial fibrillation (AF) treatment. Cryoballoon ablation is an effective therapy for PV isolation for AF with minimal side effects and was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) several years ago. Successful isolation of PVs during cryoablation depends on the balloon temperature and helps in early identification of noneffective cryoballoon applications. A lower balloon temperature has been associated with long-term success in isolation of PVs.
CASE PRESENTATION: At the start of the procedure, the cryoconsole displayed "low refrigerant level". After a few cycles of successful cryoballoon applications, for a fresh application for a new PV, the optimal temperature was not obtained in spite of obtaining good grade of occlusion and ostial positioning for right inferior pulmonary vein (RIPV). Later, immediately after changing the refrigerant cylinder, suitable temperature was obtained. We faced this situation thrice in a span of eight months.
CONCLUSION: Low refrigerant level may cause nonoptimal temperature during cryoablation, which can be resolved by premature change of a gas cylinder.