Factors associated with presenting late or with advanced HIV disease in the Netherlands, 1996-2014: results from a national observational cohort

The ATHENA national observational HIV cohort, Selwyn Lowe, Astrid Oude Lashof, Dirk Posthouwer, Paul Savelkoul, Inge van Loo

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Early testing for HIV and entry into care are crucial to optimise treatment outcomes of HIV-infected patients and to prevent spread of HIV. We examined risk factors for presentation with late or advanced disease in HIV-infected patients in the Netherlands.HIV-infected patients registered in care between January 1996 and June 2014 were selected from the ATHENA national observational HIV cohort. Risk factors for late presentation and advanced disease were analysed by multivariable logistic regression. Furthermore, geographical differences and time trends were examined.Of 20,965 patients, 53% presented with late-stage HIV infection, and 35% had advanced disease. Late presentation decreased from 62% (1996) to 42% (2013), while advanced disease decreased from 46% to 26%. Late presentation only declined significantly among men having sex with men (MSM; p
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere009688
JournalBMJ Open
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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