Factor Analysis and Psychometric Properties of the Chinese Translation of the Acceptance of Cosmetic Surgery Scale

Yi Wu*, Jessica M Alleva, Sandra Mulkens

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

11 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

This paper describes a Chinese translation and validation of the Acceptance of Cosmetic Surgery Scale (ACSS; Henderson-King & Henderson-King, 2005), a questionnaire for assessing attitudes towards cosmetic surgery. Chinese adults (335 women, 240 men; Mage = 33.65) completed the Chinese ACSS and - to investigate construct validity - measures of body appreciation, facial appearance concerns, sociocultural attitudes towards appearance (i.e., internalization of appearance ideals and appearance pressures), and demographics. Exploratory factor analysis revealed that the Chinese ACSS comprised two factors, which were invariant across sex, mirroring results among other non-Western samples. The Chinese ACSS also demonstrated good internal consistency (Cronbach's alphas > .90) and convergent validity via its positive associations with facial appearance concerns and overall sociocultural attitudes toward appearance. Chinese ACSS scores were higher among women, and were positively correlated with age among men. Chinese ACSS scores were not associated with body appreciation or other demographic factors. The ACSS seems to be a valid instrument for use in Chinese adults, and could bring more insight into attitudes toward cosmetic surgery from a cross-cultural perspective.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)244-256
Number of pages13
JournalBody Image
Volume33
Early online date11 May 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2020

Keywords

  • Acceptance of Cosmetic Surgery Scale
  • Factor analysis
  • Psychometric properties
  • Body image
  • Chinese population
  • Cross-cultural
  • BODY APPRECIATION SCALE-2
  • COLLEGE WOMENS ATTITUDES
  • SOCIOCULTURAL ATTITUDES
  • OBJECTIFICATION THEORY
  • PSYCHOSOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS
  • BREAST AUGMENTATION
  • ITALIAN VERSION
  • BEAUTY ECONOMY
  • MENTAL-HEALTH
  • SELF-ESTEEM

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