Annexin A1 (AnxA1) modulates neutrophil life span and bone marrow/blood cell trafficking thorough activation of formyl-peptide receptors (FPRs). Here, we investigated the effect of exogenous AnxA1 on haematopoiesis in the mouse. Treatment of C57BL/6 mice with recombinant AnxA1 (rAnxA1) reduced the granulocyte-macrophage progenitor (GMP) population in the bone marrow, enhanced the number of mature granulocytes Gr-1(+)Mac-1(+) in the bone marrow as well as peripheral granulocytic neutrophils and increased expression of mitotic cyclin B1 on hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs)/progenitor cells (Lin(-)Sca-1(+)c-Kit(+): LSK). These effects were abolished by simultaneous treatment with Boc-2, an FPR pan-antagonist. In in vitro studies, rAnxA1 reduced both HSC (LSKCD90(low)FLK-2(-)) and GMP populations while enhancing mature cells (Gr1(+)Mac1(+)). Moreover, rAnxA1 induced LSK cell proliferation (Ki67(+)), increasing the percentage of cells in the S/G2/M cell cycle phases and reducing Notch-1 expression. Simultaneous treatment with WRW4, a selective FPR2 antagonist, reversed the in vitro effects elicited by rAnxA1. Treatment of LSK cells with rAnxA1 led to phosphorylation of PCL gamma 2, PKC, RAS, MEK, and ERK1/2 with increased expression of NFAT2. In long-term bone marrow cultures, rAnxA1 did not alter the percentage of LSK cells but enhanced the Gr-1(+)Mac-1(+) population; treatment with a PLC (U73122), but not with a PKC (GF109203), inhibitor reduced rAnxA1-induced phosphorylation of ERK1/2 and Elk1. Therefore, we identify here rAnxA1 as an inducer of HSC/progenitor cell differentiation, favouring differentiation of the myeloid/granulocytic lineage, via Ca2+/MAPK signalling transduction pathways.
- FORMYL-PEPTIDE RECEPTOR
- LINEAGE COMMITMENT