Expression of E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 in non-small-cell lung carcinoma.

A.J. Staal- Brekel van den, F.B.J.M. Thunnissen, W.A. Buurman, E.F.M. Wouters

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Expression of E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and vascular cell adhesion molecule (VCAM)-1 in non-small-cell lung carcinoma.

Staal-van den Brekel AJ, Thunnissen FB, Buurman WA, Wouters EF.

Department of Pulmonology, University Hospital Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Vascular cell adhesion molecules (VCAM) play an important part in the regulation of inflammation and are considered to be important in the process of malignant tumour growth. The present study describes the immunohistochemical staining patterns of E-selectin, intercellular adhesion molecule (ICAM)-1 and VCAM-1 on endothelial cells of the vessels in tumour stroma and other cell types in non-small-cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC; n = 43) in association with inflammatory cells. Expression of E-selectin was dominant on endothelial cells in the stromal areas of the tumour, especially at the borders, and was confined to endothelial cells. Moderate to strong staining for ICAM-1 was demonstrated on endothelial cell irrespective of size or localization of the vessels. Compared with ICAM-1, fewer vessels were positive for VCAM-1, and stained with lesser intensity. ICAM-1 expression was demonstrated on NSCLC cells, the basal cells of bronchial epithelium, type II pneumocytes, lymphocytes and fibroblasts. VCAM-1 was clearly expressed on NSCLC cells in 4 of the 43 cases and on lymphocytes and fibroblasts. The staining patterns observed on endothelial cells support the idea of an active status of NSCLC vessels. This phenotypic pattern looks similar to the vascular component of inflammation. The presence of ICAM-1 and VCAM-1 on NSCLC cells suggests a functional role in the process of chemotaxis for tumour cells.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)21-27
JournalVirchows Archiv
Volume428
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1996

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