Exercise training and oxidative stress in the elderly as measured by antipyrine hydroxylation products.

E.P. Meijer, S.A.J. Coolen, A. Bast, K.R. Westerterp

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Free Radic Res 2001 Oct;35(4):435-43 Related Articles, Books, LinkOut


Exercise training and oxidative stress in the elderly as measured by antipyrine hydroxylation products.

Meijer EP, Coolen SA, Bast A, Westerterp KR.

Department of Human Biology, Nutrition and Toxicology Research Institute Maastricht NUTRIM, Maastricht University, P.O. Box 616, 6200 MD Maastricht, The Netherlands. e.meijer@hb.unimaas.nl

Effects of 12 wk exercise training on oxidative stress were examined in elderly humans. We measured oxidative stress during a 45 min cycling test by using antipyrine hydroxylation products. Antipyrine breakdown is independent of blood flow to the liver, which is important during exercise. Furthermore, antipyrine reacts quickly with hydroxyl radicals to form para- and ortho-hydroxyantipyrine. Ortho-hydroxyantipyrine is not formed in man through the mono-oxygenase pathway of cytochrome P450. Twenty subjects (9 women; 60 +/- 3 y) participated in the training program. Thirteen subjects (5 women; 64 +/- 7 y) served as inactive controls. Subjects trained, twice a week for 1 h, at a fitness center. After 12 wk, maximal oxygen uptake (p < .005) and workload capacity (p < .001) were only significantly elevated in the training group. After 12 wk, both groups observed no change in the ratios of antipyrine hydroxylates, para- and ortho-hydroxyantipyrine, to native antipyrine. Furthermore, no differences were observed within or between groups in the exercise-induced increase in the plasma level of thiobarbituric acid reactive species. In conclusion, 12-wk training had no effect on exercise-induced oxidative stress in elderly humans as measured by free radical reaction products of antipyrine. Despite the fact that training in elderly humans improves functional capacity, it appears not to compromise antioxidant defense mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)435-443
Number of pages9
JournalFree Radical Research
Volume35
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

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