Evidence that the wider social environment moderates the association between familial liability and psychosis spectrum outcome

I.T. Binbay, M. Drukker, K. Alptekin, H. Elbi, F. Aksu Tanik, F. Ozkinay, H. Onay, N. Zagli, J. van Os*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Background. Familial liability to both severe and common mental disorder predicts psychotic disorder and psychotic symptoms, and may be used as a proxy in models examining interaction between genetic risk and the environment at individual and contextual levels. Method. In a representative general population sample (n-4011) in Izmir, Turkey, the full spectrum of expression of psychosis representing (0) no symptoms, (1) subclinical psychotic experiences, (2) low-impact psychotic symptoms, (3) high-impact psychotic symptoms and (4) full-blown clinical psychotic disorder was assessed in relation to mental health problems in the family (proxy for familial liability) and the wider social environment. Quality of the wider social environment was assessed in an independent sample using contextual measures of informal social control, social disorganization, unemployment and low income, aggregated to the neighbourhood level. Results. The association between familial liability to severe mental illness and expression of psychosis spectrum was stronger in more deprived neighbourhoods [ e. g. this association increased from beta=0.33 (p=0.01) in low-unemployment neighbourhoods to beta-0.92 (p
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2499-2510
JournalPsychological Medicine
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2012


  • Familial liability
  • modifiers
  • neighbourhood
  • psychosis
  • social capital

Cite this