We estimate (worldwide) corporate average effective tax rates (etrs) from financial statements for companies domiciled in european union (eu) member states during 7 years from 1990 to 1996. Our objective is to compare the tax rate effectively experienced by each company with the corporate statutory tax rate (str) in the eu country in which each company is domiciled. The difference between the corporate statutory tax rate and the financial statement-based corporate average effective tax rate provides information on the magnitude of tax incentives provided by governments within the eu. These tax incentives come on top of the directly observable differences in statutory tax rates between eu member states. We find (1) that the use of tax incentives, over and above differences in strs, differs substantially between eu member states (corporate domiciles) and (2) that the provision of tax incentives does not have the effect of equalizing corporate etrs between eu member states (corporate domiciles).
|Journal of International Accounting, Auditing & Taxation
|Published - 1 Jan 2002