Evaluation of the renal function using serum Cystatin C following open and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair

Nikola S. Ilic*, Dragan Opacic, Perica Mutavdzic, Igor Koncar, Marko Dragas, Snezana Jovicic, Miroslav Markovic, Lazar Davidovic

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Objectives Controversies regarding renal function impairment after open and endovascular aortic aneurysm repair still exist. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the renal function following open repair and endovascular aneurysm repair using Cystatin C. Methods This prospective, observational case-control study was conducted in tertiary referral centre over 3 years, starting from 2012. In total, 60 patients operated due to infrarenal AAA either by means of open repair (30 patients) or endovascular aneurysm repair (30 patients) were included in the study. Biochemical markers of renal function (sCr, urea, potassium) were recorded pre-operatively and at these specific time points, immediately after the operation and at discharge, home (third postoperative day, endovascular aneurysm repair group) or from intensive care unit (third postoperative day, open repair group). Multivariate and propensity score adjustments were used to control for the baseline differences between the groups. Results Creatinine levels in serum remained unchanged during the hospital stay in both groups without significant differences at any time point. Cystatin C levels in endovascular aneurysm repair patients significantly increased postoperatively and restored to values comparable to baseline at the discharge (0.8650.319 vs. *0.962 +/- 0.353 vs. 0.921 +/- 0.322, *p<0.001). Cystatin C levels in patients treated with the open surgery was decreasing over time but not statistically significant comparing to Cystatin C values at the admission. However, decrease in Cystatin C serum levels in patients treated with conventional surgery resulted in statistically significant lower values compared to endovascular aneurysm repair patients both postoperatively and at the time of discharge (0.760 +/- 0.225 vs. 0.962 +/- 0.353, p<0.05; 0.750 vs. 0.156, p<0.05). Both multivariate linear regression models and propensity score adjustment confirm that, even after correction for previously observed intergroup differences, type of surgery, i.e. endovascular aneurysm repair is independently associated with the higher levels of Cystatin C both postoperatively and at the discharge. Conclusions Dynamics of Cystatin C levels have been proven as a more vulnerable marker of renal dysfunction. Endovascular aneurysm repair is associated with higher levels of kidney injury markers.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-141
Number of pages10
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2018


  • Abdominal aneurysm
  • Cystatin C
  • renal function


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