Evaluation of a Rapid Anisotropic Model for ECG Simulation

Simone Pezzuto*, Peter Kal'avsky, Mark Potse, Frits W. Prinzen, Angelo Auricchio, Rolf Krause

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

20 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

State-of-the-art cardiac electrophysiology models that are able to deliver physiologically motivated activation maps and electrocardiograms (ECGs) can only be solved on high-performance computing architectures. This makes it nearly impossible to adopt suchmodels in clinical practice. ECG imaging tools typically rely on simplifiedmodels, but these neglect the anisotropic electric conductivity of the tissue in the forward problem. Moreover, their results are often confined to the heart-torso interface. We propose a forwardmodel that fully accounts for the anisotropic tissue conductivity and produces the standard 12-lead ECG in a few seconds. The activation sequence is approximated with an eikonal model in the 3d myocardium, while the ECG is computed with the lead-field approach. Both solvers were implemented on graphics processing units and massively parallelized. We studied the numerical convergence and scalability of the approach. We also compared the method to the bidomain model in terms of ECGs and activation maps, using a simplified but physiologically motivated geometry and 6 patient-specific anatomies. The proposed methods provided a good approximation of activation maps and ECGs computed with a bidomain model, in only a few seconds. Both solvers scaled very well to high-end hardware. These methods are suitable for use in ECG imaging methods, and may soon become fast enough for use in interactive simulation tools.

Original languageEnglish
Article number265
Number of pages16
JournalFrontiers in physiology
Volume8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2 May 2017

Keywords

  • ECG
  • eikonal model
  • lead fields
  • bidomain modeling
  • patient-specific modeling
  • electrophysiology
  • OPTIMAL MONODOMAIN APPROXIMATIONS
  • CARDIAC ELECTROPHYSIOLOGY
  • BIDOMAIN EQUATIONS
  • HEART-FAILURE
  • TISSUE
  • ACTIVATION
  • EXCITATION

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