European policymaking on the tobacco advertising ban: the importance of escape routes

S. Adamini*, E. Versluis, J.A.M. Maarse

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This article analyses the European Union policymaking process regarding tobacco advertising. While others already highlighted the importance of intergovernmental bargaining between member states to explain the outcome of the tobacco advertising case, the main aim of this article is to identify the use of escape routes by the Commission, the European Parliament, the Council and interest groups that played an important role in overcoming the deadlock. When looking at the different institutions that structure policymaking, we argue that indeed focusing on escape routes provides a clear insight in the process and in what strategies were necessary to 'make Europe work'. In the end, it appears to be a combination of escape routes that resulted in the final decision.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-84
Number of pages20
JournalHealth Economics, Policy and Law
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011



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