Abstract: Although CPT-I (carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I) is generally regarded to present a major rate-controlling site in mitochondrial beta-oxidation, it is incompletely understood whether CPT-I is rate-limiting in the overall LCFA (long-chain fatty acid) flux in the heart. Another important site of regulation of the LCFA flux in the heart is trans-sarcolemmal LCFA transport facilitated by CD36 and FABPpm (plasma membrane fatty acid-binding protein). Therefore, we explored to what extent a chronic pharmacological blockade of the LCFA flux at the level of mitochondrial entry of LCFA-CoA would affect sarcolemmal LCFA uptake. Rats were injected daily with saline or etomoxir, a specific CPT-I inhibitor, for 8 days at 20 mg/kg of body mass. Etomoxir-treated rats displayed a 44 % reduced cardiac CPT-I activity. Sarcolemmal contents of CD36 and FABPpm, as well as the LCFA transport capacity, were not altered in the hearts of etomoxir-treated versus control rats. Furthermore, rates of LCFA uptake and oxidation, and glucose uptake by cardiac myocytes from etomoxir-treated rats were not different from control rats, neither under basal nor under acutely induced maximal metabolic demands. Finally, hearts from etomoxir-treated rats did not display triacylglycerol accumulation. Therefore CPT-I appears not to present a major rate-controlling site in total cardiac LCFA flux. It is likely that sarcolemmal LCFA entry rather than mitochondrial LCFA-CoA entry is a promising target for normalizing LCFA flux in cardiac metabolic diseases.
Luiken, J. J. F. P., Niessen, H. E. C., Coort, S. L. M., Hoebers, N., Coumans, W. A., Schwenk, R. W., Bonen, A., & Glatz, J. F. (2009). Etomoxir-induced partial carnitine palmitoyltransferase-I (CPT-I) inhibition in vivo does not alter cardiac long-chain fatty acid uptake and oxidation rates. Biochemical Journal, 419(2), 447-55. https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20082159