The design of emergency medicine trials can raise several ethical concerns - risks may be greater, and randomisation may have to occur before consent. Research in emergency medicine is thus an illuminating context to explore the interplay between risk and randomisation, and the consequences for consent. Using a currently running trial, we describe possible concerns, considerations, and solutions to reconcile the conflicting interests of scientific inquiry, ethical principles, and clinical reality in emergency medicine research.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)136-142
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021


  • Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation
  • Emergency Medicine
  • Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenation
  • Humans
  • Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

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