ESPEN Guidelines on Enteral Nutrition: Gastroenterology

H. Lochs*, C. Dejong, F. Hammarqvist, X. Hebuterne, M. Leon Sanz, T. Schutz, W.G. van Gemert, A. van Gossum, L. Valentini, H. Lubke, S. Bischoff, N. Engelmann, P. Thul

*Corresponding author for this work

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Undernutrition as well as specific nutrient deficiencies have been described in patients with Crohn's disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC) and short bowel syndrome (SBS). The present guideline gives evidence-based recommendations for the indication, application and type of formula of enteral nutrition (EN) (oral nutritional supplements (ONS) or tube feeding (TF)) in these patients. It was developed in an interdisciplinary consensus-based process in accordance with officially accepted standards and is based on all relevant publications since 1985. ONS and/or TF in addition to normal food is indicated in undernourished patients with CD or CU to improve nutritional status. In active CD EN is the first line therapy in children and should be used as sole therapy in adults mainly when treatment with corticosteroids is not feasible. No significant differences have been shown in the effects of free amino acid, peptide-based and whole protein formulae for TF. In remission ONS is recommended only in steroid dependent patients in CD. In patients with SBS TF should be introduced in the adaptation phase and should be changed with progressing adaptation to ONS in addition to normal food.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)260-274
JournalClinical Nutrition
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2006

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