Esophageal wall dose-surface maps do not improve the predictive performance of a multivariable NTCP model for acute esophageal toxicity in advanced stage NSCLC patients treated with intensity-modulated (chemo-) radiotherapy

Frank Dankers*, Robin Wijsman, Esther G. C. Troost, Rene Monshouwer, Johan Bussink, Aswin L. Hoffmann

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

9 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

In our previous work, a multivariable normal-tissue complication probability (NTCP) model for acute esophageal toxicity (AET) Grade. 2 after highly conformal (chemo-) radiotherapy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) was developed using multivariable logistic regression analysis incorporating clinical parameters and mean esophageal dose (MED). Since the esophagus is a tubular organ, spatial information of the esophageal wall dose distribution may be important in predicting AET. We investigated whether the incorporation of esophageal wall dose-surface data with spatial information improves the predictive power of our established NTCP model. For 149 NSCLC patients treated with highly conformal radiation therapy esophageal wall dose-surface histograms (DSHs) and polar dose-surface maps (DSMs) were generated. DSMs were used to generate new DSHs and dose-length-histograms that incorporate spatial information of the dose-surface distribution. From these histograms dose parameters were derived and univariate logistic regression analysis showed that they correlated significantly with AET. Following our previous work, new multivariable NTCP models were developed using the most significant dose histogram parameters based on univariate analysis (19 in total). However, the 19 new models incorporating esophageal wall dose-surface data with spatial information did not show improved predictive performance (area under the curve, AUC range 0.79-0.84) over the established multivariable NTCP model based on conventional dose-volume data (AUC = 0.84). For prediction of AET, based on the proposed multivariable statistical approach, spatial information of the esophageal wall dose distribution is of no added value and it is sufficient to only consider MED as a predictive dosimetric parameter.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3668-3681
Number of pages14
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Volume62
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 7 May 2017

Keywords

  • non-small cell lung cancer
  • esophagitis
  • NTCP
  • highly conformal radiation therapy
  • predictive models
  • dose maps
  • CELL LUNG-CANCER
  • 3-DIMENSIONAL CONFORMAL RADIOTHERAPY
  • RADIATION-THERAPY
  • PROSTATE-CANCER
  • RISK-FACTORS
  • CONCURRENT CHEMOTHERAPY
  • EXTERNAL VALIDATION
  • MOTION
  • IMRT
  • QUANTIFICATION

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