Epigenetic rejuvenation of mesenchymal stromal cells derived from induced pluripotent stem cells

Joana Frobel, Hatim Hemeda, Michael Lenz, Giulio Abagnale, Sylvia Joussen, Bernd Denecke, Tomo Sarić, Martin Zenke, Wolfgang Wagner*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Standardization of mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) remains a major obstacle in regenerative medicine. Starting material and culture expansion affect cell preparations and render comparison between studies difficult. In contrast, induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs) assimilate toward a ground state and may therefore give rise to more standardized cell preparations. We reprogrammed MSCs into iPSCs, which were subsequently redifferentiated toward MSCs. These iPS-MSCs revealed similar morphology, immunophenotype, in vitro differentiation potential, and gene expression profiles as primary MSCs. However, iPS-MSCs were impaired in suppressing T cell proliferation. DNA methylation (DNAm) profiles of iPSCs maintained donor-specific characteristics, whereas tissue-specific, senescence-associated, and age-related DNAm patterns were erased during reprogramming. iPS-MSCs reacquired senescence-associated DNAm during culture expansion, but they remained rejuvenated with regard to age-related DNAm. Overall, iPS-MSCs are similar to MSCs, but they reveal incomplete reacquisition of immunomodulatory function and MSC-specific DNAm patterns-particularly of DNAm patterns associated with tissue type and aging.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)414-22
Number of pages9
JournalStem Cell Reports
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 9 Sep 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Cell Differentiation
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA Methylation
  • Epigenesis, Genetic
  • Humans
  • Induced Pluripotent Stem Cells
  • Mesenchymal Stromal Cells
  • Transcriptome

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