Epidemiological Characteristics of the Largest Kidney Transplant Program in Mexico: Western National Medical Center, Mexican Institute of Social Security

E. Solis-Vargas, L. A. Evangelista-Carrillo*, A. Puentes-Camacho, E. Rojas-Campos, J. Andrade-Sierra, J. I. Cerrillos-Gutierrez, J. J. Nieves-Hernandez, B. Jalomo-Martinez, M. Medina-Perez, P. Martinez-Martinez, F. J. Monteon-Ramos, B. Gomez-Navarro

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

According to the National Transplant Center (CENATRA), in 2013, a total of 2707 transplantations were performed in Mexico; of them, 10% (270 transplantations) were done in our Tertiary Care Hospital (Western National Medical Center). This means that one in 10 transplant recipients undergoes transplantation at our medical center. The aim of our study was to describe the characteristics of and to compare changes in the kidney transplantation program over time.This was a cross-sectional study. Data were collected from the hospital transplant registry from January 1994 to December?2014.During the study period, 3643 kidney transplantations were conducted; most were living donor 3236 (89%), and only 407 patients (11%) received a graft from a deceased donor. Of living donors, 2786 (87%) were related, and 450 (13%) were genetically unrelated. The average recipient age was 28 years, and the average age of the donor was 34 years. It was observed that siblings donated more frequently (51%), followed by parents (34%). Among unrelated donors, spouses donated the most (66%). In 80% of cases, the cause of end-stage renal disease (ESRD) was unknown (80%). The most frequent renal replacement therapy was peritoneal dialysis (54%), followed by hemodialysis (18%); only 5% of patients received preemptive kidney transplant. The most frequent immunosuppression scheme was tacrolimus, mycophenolate mofetil, and prednisone in 70% of patients.The Western National Medical Center is the largest kidney transplantation program in Mexico. The main activity is living donor transplantation. Recipients are relatively young persons with unknown etiology of ESRD.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2001-2010
JournalTransplantation Proceedings
Volume48
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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