Energy metabolism in relation to body composition and gender in adolescents.

E.A. van Mil, K.R. Westerterp, A.D.M. Kester, W.H.M. Saris

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Abstract

Arch Dis Child 2001 Jul;85(1):73-8 Related Articles, Books, LinkOut


Energy metabolism in relation to body composition and gender in adolescents.

van Mil EG, Westerterp KR, Kester AD, Saris WH.

Departments of Human Biology and Paediatrics, Nutrition Toxicology and Environment Research Institute Maastricht, Maastricht University, PO Box 616, Maastricht 6200 MD, Netherlands. g.vanmil@hb.unimaas.nl

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of body composition on average daily metabolic rate (ADMR) and basal metabolic rate (BMR) in adolescence, and to examine current BMR prediction equations. STUDY: Dutch adolescents were pooled with previously reported American and British subjects (n = 90 overall). BMR and ADMR were analysed by multiple regression. RESULTS: Fat-free mass, BMR, and ADMR were higher in the obese than in the non-obese group (mean (SD): 53.2 (10.7) kg, 8.35 (1.57) MJ/d, and 13.64 (2.78) MJ/d, compared with 41.0 (8.1) kg, 6.42 (0.94) MJ/d, and 11.16 (2.21) MJ/d, respectively). BMR remained higher when adjusted for fat-free mass, age, and sex. ADMR adjusted for BMR was similar in the two groups. WHO equations overestimated BMR in obese boys and underestimated BMR in non-obese boys. CONCLUSIONS: BMR, but not activity, is increased in obese adolescents and in male adolescents. The WHO BMR equations for adults are recommended for obese adolescents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)73-78
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of Disease in Childhood
Volume85
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2001

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