Endotracheal intubation skills of pediatricians versus anesthetists in neonates and children

Sam J. van Sambeeck*, Sander M. J. van Kuijk, Boris W. Kramer, Petronella M. Vermeulen, Gijs D. Vos

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


This study compares the performance of pediatricians and anesthetists in neonatal and pediatric endotracheal intubations (ETI) during simulated settings. Participants completed a questionnaire and performed an ETI scenario on a neonatal and a child manikin. The procedures were recorded with head cameras and cameras attached to standard laryngoscope blades. The outcomes were successful intubation, time to successful intubation, number of attempts, complications, total performance score, end-assessment rating, and an assessment whether the participant was sufficiently able to perform an ETI. Fifty-two pediatricians and 52 anesthetists were included. For the neonatal ETI, the rate of successful intubation was in favor of anesthetists although not significant. Anesthetists performed significantly better in all other outcomes. Of the pediatricians, 65% was rated sufficiently adept to perform a neonatal ETI vs 100% of the anesthetists. Pediatricians (29%) overestimated while anesthetists (33%) underestimated their performance in neonatal ETI. For the pediatric ETI, all outcomes were significantly better for anesthetists. Only 15% of all pediatricians were considered sufficiently able to perform pediatric ETI vs 94% of the anesthetists.Conclusion: Anesthetists are far more adept in performing ETI in neonates and children compared with pediatricians in a simulated setting. Complications are expected to occur less frequently and less seriously when anesthetists perform ETI.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1219-1227
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Pediatrics
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2019


  • Child
  • Infant
  • Newborn
  • Endotracheal intubation
  • General hospitals
  • ROOM
  • CARE

Cite this